This painting is by an unknown artist, and it dates to around 1820.
The exact location is also unknown, but it could be within the Mi’kmaq homelands in the Maritimes or in Newfoundland, where some of them migrated in the eighteenth century.
They are shooting geese from canoes, and you can see one dog in a canoe and another dog swimming to retrieve a downed goose.
These dogs could have played some role in the development of the St. John’s water dog or the Nova Scotia duck-tolling retriever.
Granted, no genetic studies have revealed any indigenous ancestry in either of these breeds, but the indigenous people of the region did use dogs to hunt geese and other waterfowl in the fashion. They like originally used bows and arrows, or they may have stalked the birds in the late evening and early morning when they were settled in the water.