I came across some coyote tracks in the snow.
Their size next to a nickel (US five cent piece):
One foot stepping where the other was. This is very common in coyotes. They walk almost without wasted movement.
And for comparison, here are some of Miley’s:
There is no hard and fast rule from telling dog tracks from coyote tracks, but in this case, there are no other domestic dogs running loose on this road. Golden retrievers have round “cat feet,” which gives them a pretty compact track in the mud or snow. Coyotes have pronounced center toes on their front feet. There aren’t many dogs that have that particular foot morphology, especially around here where sighthounds really don’t exist (except on the race track).
Miley is also at least 1/3 larger than any coyote that lives here, and because her legs are proportionally shorter, she tends to dig in more when she runs.
That’s how I tell them apart.